Botanic Name Ficus benghalensis L.
Family Moraceae
English Name Benyan tree
Malayalam Name Peraal
Sanskit Nyagrodha
Hindi Bar
Habit Tree
Description Spreading large trees; aerial root numerous from the branches. Leaves simple, alternate, spiral. Flowers unisexual; inflorescence a syconia, sessile, in axillary pairs; flowers of 4 kinds; male flowers dispersed with female, rather numerous near the mouth of the receptacles; female flowers sessile. Syconium ripening orange to red, globose-ellipsoid, dark brown
Distribution: Indian subcontinent; widely grown as avenue tree
Habitat: Deciduous forests, also in the plains
System of medicine: Ayurveda, Folk, Homeopathy, Siddha and Unani
Parts used: Ariel roots, Stem bark, Root bark and Buds
Properties & uses: Bark is used for the treatment skin diseases, dysentery, diarrhoea, nervous disorders, diabetes and bone fractures

Cultivation Aspects NA