Botanic Name Ficus religiosa
Family Moraceae
English Name Sacred fig
Malayalam Name Arayal
Sanskit Pippala
Hindi Pipal
Habit Tree
Description Deciduous tree, Leaves simple, alternate, spiral. Flowers unisexual; inflorescence a syconia, sessile, axillary, in pairs, obovoid or globose; flowers of 4 kinds; male flowers ostiolar, sessile, in one ring, reddish; female flowers sessile. Syconium ripening pink, purple or black; achenes smooth.
Distribution: East Himalayas; planted and naturalized in India and neighboring countries
Habitat: Widely planted in temple premises
Flowering & Fruiting November-February
System of medicine: Ayurveda, Folk, Siddha, Homeopathy and Unani
Parts used: Bark, leaves, tender shoots, fruits, seeds and latex
Properties & uses: Bitter, cooling, aphrodisiac and anti-inflammatory
Cultivation Aspects NA